fs Joannes and Elisabeth Bochaute
° Zelzate 22/5/1686
x Zelzate 18/4/1708 Adriana De Bock
† Zelzate 13/3/1746
Death was no stranger to him: except for his mother when he was about 1 year old he also lost his stepmother, two half sisters and two half brothers; and before he was 20 years old his father had also passed away.
He married Adriana De Bock who was the daughter of Jan and Elisabeth De Blieck. She was born at Zelzate on 20 November 1688.
Joannes and Adriana brought up their children during the first half of the Austrian rule. After more than 100 years of Spanish rule (from 1598) the Spanish Succession War broke out after the death of Charles II, the King of Spain. This war ended in the Peace of Utrecht (1713) and our regions were then incorporated into the Austrian Empire where Charles VI ruled.
He was less belligerent than his predecessors but when he died Bavaria and
Prussia attacked Austria in alliance with France and Spain in the hope of ruling
over the Low Countries.
In 1744 the French armies occupied our country and even won a victory in 1745 but the Peace of Aechen (1748) brought an end to the French occupation and the southern part of the Netherlands (roughly our current Belgium) was ruled once again by Austria. The rule of Empress Maria Theresia, the daughter of Charles VI brought a measure of prosperity to our regions: commerce, industry and agriculture flourished.
Joannes and Adriana farmed in the Denderdreve quarter of Zelzate north of the Kattestraat (Cat street) on a homestead of 3 acres and 70 rods, their property. They also used land in Zelzate and in Assenede that they rented from Alexander van Overpelt, from the heirs of Jan Peynaert and from the widow of Guido Dubosch. They sowed clover, rye, oats, buckwheat, grass and flax on that land. The quarters "Denderdreve" and "den Akker" were the most fertile regions of Zelzate.
Joannes was also innkeeper. We didn't find that written down as such but in the estate reckonings we find "stone pots, bottles, glasses, beer pots, pints" and "all the good beer and gin". He also owed quite a bit to suppliers of beer and other stronger alcoholic beverages. And finally his house was called "den Papegay", the Parrot.
During their marriage they also acquired
a) 5 pieces of land in Zelzate, bought from Augustinus Daelman on 16/6/1739
- 200 rods of land, called "het tweede Widauwstuck", the second Widauwstuck (a "stuck", plural "stucken" is a piece)
- 2 acres of land, two pieces called the "appelstucken" ("appel" = apple)
- 450 rods of land, also two pieces called the "Heystucken"
To finance this purchase Anthonius De Boes from Assenede granted them a loan of 20 pounds at 5% annually. He was the brewer who supplied Joannes
b) 598 rods called "den prez-reep" in the Fieldstreet in Zelzate bought on 14/6/1740 from his unmarried halfbrother who had inherited it from his mother.
c) an acre and 24 rods of land, part of a piece of 3 acres, most of which he had himself inherited from his father. He bought this piece in 1735, also from his halfbrother Pieter.
Adriana gave birth to eight children three of which died in childhood. She died in Zelzate on 12/4/1741 aged 52. Her eldest daughter had come of age. Her brother Gillis De Bock was appointed guardian of her under age son and 3 daughters.
The estate reckonings of 27 June 1741 are a treasure trove of now almost forgotten words for objects, many of them now in museums or only used to give modern places a bucolic look. Here is the text of part of these estate reckonings in old Dutch with the glossary (also in Dutch) provided by Marijn. A translation of all that will not be easy.
What these estate reckonings make clear is the fact that Joannes and Adriana were fairly well off. After a difficult 17th Century came a period of slowly increasing prosperity and they were among those who have also benefited from it.
Joannes has plowed on for another five years but near the end of his life he has been ill quite a lot: master Ysseboot from Wachtebeke presented a bill of 0-16-0 pounds ("... over visiten en leveringhe van medecijnen, bij hem ghedaen...") for visits and medicines for the patient, but Master Surgeon Pieter De Sy from Kluizen had also been consulted and he requested 0-6-0 pounds.
Just before his 60th year he died on 13/3/1746. Four days before he had made a remarkable last will and testament. Here in short is what he wanted:
On 27 March it was already decided to sell all his possessions. And
this sale took place on 26 April. There were four lots:
1. the farm with the house, the barn and approximately 3 acres and 70 rods, with the second "widauwstuck" of 200 rods. This was bought by the eldest daughter Catharina for 204 pounds. From now on she would be responsible for the 2 annual Holy Masses in memory of her parents.
2. the "appelstucken", approximately 2 acres, bought by Jan Anrijs for 23 pounds.
3. the Heystukken, about 1.5 acres, bought for 28 pounds by Joannes Van Hijfte, who was already the tenant.
4. the "prez-reep" in the Veldstraat (Field Street) in Zelzate, about 598 rods, bought by the same Joannes Van Hijfte for 37 pounds.
And the day after there took place on the farm the public sale of all the belongings on the farm and in the house that had not been allocated to the children by testament. This sale bring in the sum of 60-11-8 pounds.
Except for various costs such as for the funeral of Joannes and for drawing up the estate reckonings we note 1-9-2 pounds for the 25 Holy Masses to be celebrated by the Fathers "Recoletten" of Ghent and 0-3-2 pounds for the funeral mass with distribution of bread for the poor. And when he died Joannes still owed no less than 2-7-3 pounds for deliveries of beer to Anthonius De Boes, and for liquor his heirs had to pay 3-7-6 pounds to Jan Basoyer from Sas-van-Gent. That's about the price of half an acre of land, in other words quite a tidy sum.
Here follow the 8 children of Joannes and Adriana:
Most recent update : 27-06-2018